1095 Carbon Steel (2.9 x 63.5 x 1220 mm)
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1095 is NOT a good steel for a beginner. Look at 1084 or 1075 if you are starting out. 1095 is a very simple high carbon steel that has not got as much manganese as the other 10XX series steels, thus it is easy to shape by forging but has a slightly lower hardenability. The extra carbon creates a carbon rich martensite with plenty of free carbide for good abrasion resistance. The downside of the extra carbon is that it requires much more care in the heat treatment.
1095 Steel requires a fast quench for optimum performance. We recommend Houghton’s K Quench oil.
Recommended Working Sequence For 1095
Forging: heat to 2100°F (1150°C) . Do not forge below 1500°F (815°C).
Normalizing: Heat to 1575°F (855°C). Cool in still air.
Annealing: Heat to 1475°F (800°C). Furnace cool to 1200°F (650°C) at a rate not exceeding 50°F (28°C) per hour.
Grinding or Machining
Hardening: Austenitize- Heat to 1475°F (800°C). In thicker sections can be quenched in water or brine with extreme care but can also be oil quenched in sections under 1/4 in. (6.35 mm) thick as the preferred method.
Tempering: As-quenched hardness of approximately 66 HRC. Hardness can be adjusted downward by proper tempering. Max 392°F (200°C) 2 cycles for 2 hours each.
|Dimensions||122 × 40 × 0.318 cm|